During the Congress of Public Policies for Latin America’s second debate, the representatives of Mexico, Argentina, Colombia, Brazil and Peru had presented the scenario of higher education in each country. “The presentations showed that every cooperation can generate solutions for different scenarios. There are many common points that range from funding to number of students and regulation problems“, says Prof. Ruy Guéiros, Semesp 2nd vice president and session debater.

With that in mind, at the end, Semesp has signed a cooperation agreement with FIPES – Federation of Private Institutions of Higher Education of Peru, for studies, researches, solution and mutual content provision, and also mobility for foreign professionals in exchanging programs. The document was signed by Valdir Lanza, Director of Internationalization segment at Semesp.

Each country’s scenery

From Mexico, Juan Carlos Silas has stressed that education already plays a very important role; even in times of crisis there was no record of falling enrollments. For him, the formula for success is the regular demand with the demand of students who were out of the market, such as those who did not intend to enroll in higher education, but were there due to work or a new opportunity, besides a freer regulation system coupled with the limitations of public institutions in absorbing all potential students.

From Argentina, Osvaldo Barsky has highlighted the great increase in the participation of private education in higher education, as it is in Brazil. In the neighbor country, from 2003 to 2013, enrollments in the private network grew over 6%.

Meanwhile, in Colombia, their major challenges are student retention, competition, regulation and few postgraduate course options. Carlos Mario Lopera Palacio has showed an organizational chart of a very complex system that goes through several spheres of regulation. Colombian private universities have no government financial program.

From Peru, José Dexter Chacon has pointed the process of accreditation and course licensing. “Accreditation had risen from 2014 to 2015, but then fell sharply. Even with this negative impact, private institutions still are very important and have the vast majority of students“, he says, stressing that state and private institutions should work together.

Rodrigo Capelato has presented to international representatives the situation of Brazil, which has a public financing program that no longer meets the current needs of a market of 2364 universities, more than 2 thousand private.

The event will go on this Friday, when the rapporteurs of each speech will present their notes to, along with the public participation, form a final document of Public Policies for education.